Pacific Rim Country “Facts at a Glance” Glossary
AIDS/HIV Prevalence Rate:
The percentage of your country’s population that has HIV and/or AIDS.
Land that is able to be used for growing crops.
Births per Thousand (Birth Rate):
The average number of babies born for every thousand people in your country
in one year.
Deaths per Thousand (Death Rate):
The average number of deaths that occur among a thousand people in your country
in one year.
Population per unit of land area; for example, persons per square mile or persons
per square kilometer of arable land.
Gross Domestic Product (GDP):
The total market value of goods and services produced domestically (within a country)
during a given period. The components of GDP are consumption, gross investment,
government purchases of goods and services, and net exports.
(If your country sold everything that it owned and produced within its borders
by citizens or by foreigners in the course of a year, the money that they would
get would be the Gross Domestic Product.)
Gross National Product (GNP, also called Gross National Income or GNI):
Total monetary value of goods and services produced in a year by the nationals,
or residents, of a country. It includes income that nationals earn abroad, but does
not include income earned within a country by foreigners. (If your country sold
everything that it owned and produced both within its borders and in other countries
by citizens only during the course of a year, the money that they would get would
be the Gross National Product.)
Human Development Index Rank:
How does your country rank among other countries in terms of livability?
Is it first in the world? Last? Human Development Index Ranking involves
poverty issues, environmental issues, human rights issues, health issues,
and other considerations.
The average number of babies that die out of every thousand births in a
country in a year.
An increase in the amount of money or credit available in relation to the
amount of goods or services available, which causes an increase in the
general price level of goods and services. Over time, inflation reduces the
purchasing power of a dollar, making it worth less.
Rate of Inflation:
The percentage by which costs increase in one year’s time.
The percentage of a country’s population that is able to read and write.
Per Capita Income:
Total income divided by total population; in other words, average income
(salary) per person.